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Education for Girls in Africa

Unesco Institute of Statistics is helping countries to fulfill their promises to fight gap between genders. They are separating by components all possible sex indicators, trying to produce parity indices and also is developing new indicators which are going to reflect better the inclusion for boys and of course girls. This statistics institute is collecting data from schools in sub-Africa, in primary and high schools which have one bathroom for both genders and not only men are teachers there. They measure by field studies of girls and boys, mostly science classes, technology and math. Their data is kind of map which shows how education develops from first lessons to higher education. Statistics shows which girls started primary school and, as an example, needs to repeat grades, left school or are seeking higher education.

This kind of data empower world, from stakeholders to simple citizens, to be a target for this kind of initiative and policies which speeds up implementation process and makes it clearer, and quality of education rises.

Sub- African regions have highest rates of education exclusion. One-fifth of boys and girls in age group 6-11 are not in school, teenagers of 12-14 years old are in one-third and they are not in education system. UNESCO data shows that almost sixty percent of young adults around 17 years are not in school. If nobody is going to take action soon, the situation can get worst, population is growing rapidly, and school system is not able to supply so many children.

The top priority is education for girls in Africa. Statistics institute also tracks and collects data about the current situation in schools, that includes basic amenities like clean water and power, conditions of the classrooms, and the availability of texbooks and pen and papers. 7 out of 10 countries in Africa is facing shortage of teachers and usually there are no women teachers to be example for girls. UIS produces data which helps with their recruitment and work environment conditions. To set that example that a woman can be educated too as a man.

There is nothing sexist about this situation because now around 9 million (huge number) will never step foot in the classroom. The gap starts in early stages of their lives. Twenty- three percent of girls compared to nineteen percent boys are not starting primary school.

To help to minimize that gender gap, UNESCO is collecting as much statistics as they can because it does not matter in what year the developed world is living in. There is still forgotten corner of the world where education for girls is a very important factor; first they require understanding from society and culture for women to have even basic education, not just to be baby caring machines, by traditions as they have now.

There is different kind of education that needs to be implemented too. Teenage pregnancy is a significant factor why girls are not attending school, or their families do not let them. People do not need to change their cultural beliefs, just their views to the world because there is more to see outside the borders.